Learning mobility for students within Europe

Erasmus+ programme gives students the opportunity to go to Erasmus partner universities of their home university for studying and traineeship. Any foreign company or organization (including a higher education institution) whose field of activity and profile fit with the requirements set for a particular student's traineeship may be a traineeship base for a student. Institutions of the European Union and organizations that process the European Union programmes can not be regarded as traineeship bases. For recent graduates, the programme offers the opportunity to complete traineeship abroad within 12 months after the graduation.

The student can also take part in the so-called combined learning mobility (studies and traineeship). In this case, practice is mediated by the host university.

The Erasmus+ programme is available for students who:

  • are matriculated into an Estonian higher education institution (regardless of citizenship and residence permit);
  • prior to their study periods abroad, have completed at least the first academic year in their home university (i.e., as of the second academic year).

Students can go to traineeship abroad already in the first year of studies. For recent graduates, the programme offers the opportunity to complete practice abroad within 12 months after the graduation.

Here are some answers to frequently asked questions.

When and for how long can I go to study/practice?

  • Study periods abroad and combined learning mobility can last for a minimum of 3 months and a maximum of 12 months.
  • Traineeship abroad can last for a minimum of 2 months and a maximum of 12 months.
  • The duration of one academic year in the programme is between 1st of June until 30th of September of the following year.
  • Students have the opportunity to participate in the Erasmus programme in each higher education level during periods of several different durations for up to 12 months in total (based on the minimum requirement of the duration of the afore-mentioned period):
    • during the first higher education level (bachelor's level or equivalent);
    • during the second higher education level (master's level or equivalent);
    • during the third higher education level (doctoral level or equivalent).
  • The study periods and/or traineeship abroad that has been completed with the LLP / Erasmus programme is taken into account.

Are the study periods and traineeship abroad recognized and to what extent?

The studies and traineeship of an Erasmus student completed abroad, including exams and other preliminary examinations, must be fully recognized by the home university in the same way comparable to the local studies. Before the beginning of the study period or traineeship abroad, the student has to prepare a learning agreement that has to be coordinated between all the parties and confirmed by the student, home university and university abroad. Such an agreement gives the student confidence that their studies/traineeship abroad are in accordance with the requirements of the home university and fully recognized as part of the studies at the home university.

Upon returning from study periods or traineeship abroad, the student must submit to the Erasmus coordinator at their home university a certificate about the completed studies/traineeship at the partner university, an extract of the studies and a formal report.


What are the language requirements?

The exchange student must be able to actively and effectively participate in the studies or traineeship at the higher education institution abroad. Therefore, it is compulsory for the participants of the Erasmus learning mobility to carry out online language tests both before and after the study/traineeship period (if the language for studying or practice at the host university is English, German, French, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Czech, Danish, Greek, Polish, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish, Bulgarian, Finnish, Hungarian, Croatian, Romanian or Slovak). If the linguistic proficiency of the student is below the required level, it is possible to provide the student with an online language course in one of the afore-mentioned languages (duration 2-12 months).


What are the costs?

Before going to studies/traineeship abroad, the student must seriously consider their financial possibilities (in addition to the usual daily living expenses, also costs related to insurance, residence permit, transport, etc., must also be taken into account). The cost of living can vary substantially from country to country and also within the country.

To cover the extra costs related to studying/traineeship abroad, students have the right to apply for a scholarship. The grant allocated by Erasmus might not not cover all the costs related to studies and/or traineeship abroad, therefore self-financing might be needed as well. During staying abroad, the student has the right to receive state scholarships, study grants and loans on an equal basis with the students studying in Estonia. The student may apply for additional support from public and private funds for the study period and traineeship abroad as well, but may not use any other scholarship allocated through the official structures of the European Union during staying abroad as an Erasmus grantee. In order to avoid double financing, the same condition applies to grants paid under the Dora+ and Kristjan Jaak national support programmes.

The scholarship allocation is decided by the student's home university. The amount and size of the grants allocated to higher education institutions by the Education Agency of Archimedes Foundation depends on the level of activity of the higher education institutions to this day, the convergence of their international cooperation trends with the priorities of the programme, and the budget of the Erasmus+ programme. Students may also participate in the Erasmus programme and use the exchange student status and privileges without scholarship.

The host institution may not require the student to pay tuition fee or additional fees for registration and examinations or laboratory and library use, however, the student's home university may ask for tuition fee during the study or practice period spent abroad.


Who helps with applying?

There is an Erasmus programme coordinator in every Estonian higher education institution who has the right to participate, and in larger universities, respective contact persons are also available in each faculty or department. The coordinator knows the best how to assist in the selection of higher education institutions abroad, as well as in applications, selection procedures, deadlines and practical issues. List of the Estonian higher education institutions participating in the Erasmus programme with necessary contact details.

If you are interested in participating in the programme, it would definitely be worth-while to look for schoolmates who are already familiar with the Erasmus programme and can share some recommendations. The experiences of the students who have already participated in the Erasmus programme are also mediated by the organization Erasmus Student Network (ESN). The departments of this organization operate both in Estonia and elsewhere in Europe.



Last updated: 20.05.2019